Fire is one of the most common disasters and one of the deadliest. However, with proper planning, it does not need to be. By creating a comprehensive fire emergency plan, you and your family can greatly reduce your chances of being injured in a fire.
FIREPROOF YOUR HOME
Use Smoke Detectors
Smoke detectors should be installed on every level of your home as well as in the basement.
Place one smoke detector outside each sleeping area in your home.
Keep smoke detectors away from cooking vapors to prevent false or nuisance alarms.
Proper placement is on the ceiling. However, if a wall must be used, install the detector(s) at a minimum distance of 4" and a maximum distance of 12" from the ceiling.
Be sure that any unit you purchase is UL listed.
Smoke detectors should be routinely replaced every 10 years.
Test Your Smoke Detectors
Test each smoke detector in your home at least monthly by pushing the test button.
Replace the batteries twice a year.
Have a Properly Operating Fire Extinguisher in the Kitchen
Regularly check the fire extinguisher to ensure that it is properly charged.
Use the test button or gauge to check proper pressure level.
If the extinguisher is damaged, corroded or low on pressure, have it professionally serviced.
Your local fire department may be able to provide you with additional fire extinguisher training.
PLAN YOUR ESCAPE PATHS
Identify Two Escape Paths From Each Room in Your Home
If there is smoke in your first path, use your second option.
If you must exit through smoke, stay low where the air is fresher and easier to breathe.
If you must open a closed door, feel it before opening. If it is hot, use your second option.
If heat, flames or smoke block your escape paths, stay in the room with the door closed. Signal for help at the window using a bright-colored cloth. If there is a telephone in the room call 911 and give your location.
Determine whether a ladder is needed for your plan. If it is, make sure everyone knows how to set it up and use it.
Designate a family meeting place outside the home
Once you are out, stay out
Practice your escape plan at least two times per year.